Scientific Evaluation of Some Common Edible Fruits of South Eastern Nigeria

Publication Date : 08/02/2021

Author(s) :

Ukpaka Chukwujekwu Gratius .

Volume/Issue :
Volume 2
Issue 1
(02 - 2021)

Abstract :

Fruits are major sources of vitamins and minerals and contain water, fiber, sugars, proteins and phytochemicals to certain degrees. Edible fruits common to Southeastern Nigeria were subjected to scientific evaluation to identify their intrinsic values. Questionnaire and proximate analysis were utilized to unravel some of their relevant botanical attributes. Fruits species with the highest comparative overall nutritive indices include: Solanum melongena, Vitex doniana, Aframomum melenguena, Dennettia tripetala, Dialum guineense, Napoleana vogelli, Ficus capensis, Dacryodes edulis, Persea americana, Chrysophyllum albidum, Landolphia owariensis, Ananas comosus, Spondias mombin in that order. Dominant families in terms of numerical distribution of species include: Annonaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Anacardiaceae, Moraceae, Sterculiaceae, Areceaceae, Burseraceae, Fabaceae in that order. Species with the most encompassing individual Economic relevance include: Elaeis guineensis, Cocos nucifera, Theobroma cacao, Musa sapientum, Citrullus lanatus, Citrus species, Ananas comosus Treculia africana, Mangifera indica, Cola acuminata, Anacardium occidentale, Nauclea diderichii, Canarium schweinfurthii, Telfeiria occidentalis Arachis hypogea, Dennettia tripetala, Solanum melongena, Persea americana, Psidium guajava, Dialum guineensis, Dacryodes edulis, Cucumeropsis manni et cetera. To ensure tropical trees biodiversity, silviculture, botanical gardens, Orchards and massive tree planting campaigns must be embraced holistically for sustainability.

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